Government Policies

Right to Legal Aid
Right to free legal aid or free legal service is an essential fundamental right guaranteed by the Constitution. It forms the basis of reasonable, fair and just liberty under Article 21 of the Constitution of India, which says, “No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to procedure established by law”.

Possible End of Collegium System Era, National Judicial Appointments Commission Act Notified
The Government today notified the National Judicial Appointments Commission Act, 2014 and the Constitution (Ninety-ninth Amendment) Act, 2014 for bringing in a change in the existing system for appointment of Judges in Supreme Court and High Courts.

Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013
The increasing work participation rate of women has made it imperative that a comprehensive legislation focusing on prevention of sexual harassment as well as providing a redressal mechanism be enacted.In this light this act was enacted in April,2013

Varishtha Pension Bima Yojana
Government of India in the Union Budget 2014-2015, announced the revival of Varishtha Pension Bima Yojana (VPBY) for a limited period from 15th August 2014 to 14th August 2015 for the benefit of citizens aged 60 years and above.

National Investigation Agency
The National Investigation Agency has been created in pursuance of the enactment of the NIA Act, 2008, and it is mandated, at the national level, to investigate and prosecute offences affecting the sovereignty, security and integrity of India, friendly relations with foreign States and offences under Acts enacted to implement international treaties, agreements, conventions and resolutions of the United Nations and other international organizations and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.NIA was created after the 2008 Mumbai terror attacks as need for a central agency to combat terrorism was realised.

Commission for Scientific and Technical Terminology
Commission for Scientific and Technical Terminology was set up on 1st October, 1961 by a resolution of Government of India, Ministry of Education.The resolution of the Government was as per the recommendations of a Committee constituted under the provisions of clause (4) of Article 344 of the Constitution.

Swachhta Udyami Yojana
The objective of the Scheme is to provide concessional loan for viable community toilet projects and sanitation related vehicles to collect the garbage, to consolidate the ongoing efforts for realising the objectives of the ‘Swachh Bharat Abhiyan’ launched by Prime Minister on 2nd October, 2014.

Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana

The PMJDY has been conceived as a national mission on financial inclusion with the objective of covering all households in the country with banking facilities and having a bank account for each household. Financial inclusion or inclusive financing is the delivery of financial services at affordable costs to sections of disadvantaged and low-income segments of society, in contrast to financial exclusion where those services are not available or affordable.

National Drug Policy for Malaria
The National Drug Policy for Malaria (2013) has been formulated with objective of Reducing morbidity by prompt and complete treatment of suspected/confirmed malaria cases

National Skill Development Agency (NSDA)
The NSDA is an autonomous body, with functions which inter alia include taking all possible steps to meet skilling targets as envisaged in the 12th Five Year Plan and beyond; coordinating and harmonizing the approach to skill development in the country; anchoring and operationalizing the National Skills Qualification Framework to ensure that quality and standards meet sector specific requirements;

Anti Defection Law

The Constitution (Fifty-second Amendment) Act, 1985 popularly known as the anti-defection law came into force w.e.f. 1 March 1985. It amended articles 101, 102, 190 and 191 of the Constitution regarding vacation of seats and disqualification from membership of Parliament and the State Legislatures and added a new schedule i.e. the Tenth Schedule to the Constitution setting out certain provisions as to disqualification on ground of defection.

Indian Public Health Standards
Indian Public Health Standards (IPHS) have been developed for Sub-centres, Primary Health Centres (PHCs), Community Health Centres (CHCs), Sub-District and District Hospitals. IPHS are a set of uniform standards envisaged to improve the quality of health care delivery in the country and have been used as the reference point for public health care infrastructure planning and up-gradation in the States and UTs.

Challenges of Population Explosion
India is predicted to have overtaken China as the world's most populous nation by 2050. In an already overcrowded world, richer countries are being asked to share responsibility for the problem of this population explosion, which to a large extent is due to poverty. The growth rate of population is a function of migration, birth rate and death rate in a country.
National Mission on Agricultural Extension and Technology (NMAET)
The Mission will help farmers through integrated approach as various technological components of NMAET viz. seeds, machinery, plant protection are inextricably linked to each other at the field level and these are disseminated among the farmers and other stakeholders through a strong extension network.

Programmes and Schemes for Indian Diaspora Abroad
Government have taken several initiatives for engaging the Indian Diaspora around the world. The major initiative is the Pravasi Bhartiya Divas, which is one of the largest diaspora engagements in the world.

Educational Schemes for Minority
For the Educational Empowerment of the minority communities, the Ministry of Minority Affairs is implementing Pre-matric, Post-matric and Merit-cum-Means based scholarship schemes.

Law Commission Report on Setting up New Courts
Law Commission of India today (7/7/2014) submitted its report “Manpower Planning in Judiciary: A Blue Print” to the Minister of Law & Justice and Communications & IT.

Electoral Laws of India
India is a sovereign, socialist, secular democratic republic. Democracy is one of the inalienable basic features of the Constitution of India and forms part of its basic structure (Kesavanand Bharati v State of Kerala and Others AIR 1973 SC 1461). The concept of democracy, as visualized by the Constitution, pre-supposes the representation of the people in Parliament and State Legislatures by the method of election (N P Punnuswami v Returning Officer Namakkal AIR 1952 SC 64).

Appointment Procedure of Supreme Court Judge
Recently gopal subramanium opted out from being appointed as supreme court judge after his name returned back to collegium for reconsideration invoking a controversy. In this light let us study in detail about procedure of appointment of judges.

Article 370 : Definition and Implications
 Article 370 which is in news now a days provides special autonomous status to the state of Jammu & Kashmir. It restricts the power of Indian Parliament to make laws for people who reside in J&K as this article specifies that except for Defence, Foreign Affairs, Communications and ancillary matters (matters specified in the instrument of accession) the Indian Parliament needs the State Government's concurrence for applying all other laws.

Process of generation of UID
Every citizen first goes through the step of document verification. Following this, demographic data on the citizen, classified under Know Your Resident (KYR) and KYR+ (which are questions added on by the registrar) is entered into the Aadhaar client.

Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS)
The Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme was launched in 1975 with the certain basics objectives to assure better development of child.

Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana
The ‘Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana’ for BPL families ( a unit of five) in Unorganised Sector was launched on 1st October, 2007 and became operational from April 1, 2008. Under the scheme, smart card based cashless health insurance cover of Rs. 30,000/- per annum on a family floater basis is provided to a BPL family in the unorganized sector.

National Scheduled Tribes Finance and Development Corporation
National Scheduled Tribes Finance and Development Corporation (NSTFDC) was set up in 2001 as a non profit company under Ministry of Tribal Affairs with following objectives.

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