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Showing posts from August, 2014

Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY)

The PMJDY has been conceived as a national mission on financial inclusion with the objective of covering all households in the country with banking facilities and having a bank account for each household. Financial inclusion or inclusive financing is the delivery of financial services at affordable costs to sections of disadvantaged and low-income segments of society, in contrast to financial exclusion where those services are not available or affordable.  It is said that since banking services are in the nature of public product, the availability of banking and payment services to the entire population without discrimination is the prime objective of financial inclusion in public policy. With a bank account, every household gains access to banking and credit facilities. This will enable them to come out of the grip of moneylenders, manage to keep away from financial crises caused by emergent needs, and most importantly, benefit from a range of financial products/benefits. The mi

Ebola Virus Disease

Ebola virus disease (EVD), formerly known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever, is a severe, often fatal illness in humans.EVD outbreaks have a case fatality rate of up to 90%.EVD outbreaks occur primarily in remote villages in Central and West Africa, near tropical rainforests. The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission. Fruit bats of the Pteropodidae family are considered to be the natural host of the Ebola virus. Ebola first appeared in 1976 in two simultaneous outbreaks, in Nzara, Sudan, and in Yambuku, Democratic Republic of Congo. The latter was in a village situated near the Ebola River, from which the disease takes its name. Although non-human primates have been a source of infection for humans, they are not thought to be the reservoir but rather an accidental host like human beings. Transmission Ebola is introduced into the human population through close contact with the blood, secretions, organs or oth

Highlights of PM's Nepal Visit

Focus on 4Cs: Cooperation. Connectivity. Culture. Constitution India will give Nepal a one billion dollar line of credit. This will be in addition to any existing lines of credit. Pancheswor Development Authority will be set up and DPR finalized in one year India and Nepal have agreed to conclude Power Trading Agreement in 45 days. India will provide assistance for construction of a motorable bridge over the Mahakali River. India will expedite construction of postal roads and feeder roads to the Terai. Prime Minister announced a gift of 2500 kg of sandalwood to the Pashupatinath Temple. Work on a Dharamshala to be set up by Pashupatinath Development Authority will commence soon with Indian assistance. Renovation and restoration of the Complex will be done using expertise of Archaeological Survey of India. India will provide Rs. 25 crore for the same. India will offer assistance for development of Janakpur-Lumbini, including Lumbini as part of Buddhist circuit. Scholarships for Nepali s

National Drug Policy for Malaria (2013)

The National Drug Policy for Malaria (2013) has been formulated with following objectives: Reducing morbidity by prompt and complete treatment of suspected/confirmed malaria cases Prevention of progression of uncomplicated malaria into severe malaria and thereby reduce malaria mortality Prevention of relapses by administration of radical treatment Preventing transmission of malaria by use of gametocytocidal drugs Preventing development of drug resistance by rational treatment of malaria cases Salient features of National Drug Policy for malaria are as under: Treatment of uncomplicated P. falciparum cases: Complete course of three days Artemisinin based Combination Therapy (ACT) along with single dose of primaquine 0.75 mg/kg body weight on day 2. Treatment of uncomplicated P. vivaxcases: Chloroquine – 10 mg/kg body weight on day 1 and day 2 and 5 mg/kg body weight on day Primaquine- 0.25 mg/kg body weight for 14 days. For severe malaria cases (both Pv and Pf) injectableartemi


On 23rd July, 2014 when a team of scientists from the ESSO-National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Research (NCAOR) and the ESSO-National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT) successfully deployed IndARC, the country’s first multi-sensor moored observatory in the Kongsfjorden fjord of the Arctic , roughly half way between Norway and the North Pole. This moored observatory, designed and developed by ESSO-NIOT and ESSO-NCAOR with ESSO-Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS) was deployed from the Norwegian Polar Institute's research vessel R.V. Lance during its annual MOSJ-ICE cruise to the Kongsfjorden area.  The observatory is presently anchored (78°57´ N 12°01´E), about 1100 km away from the North Pole at a depth of 192 m and has an array of ten state-of-the-art oceanographic sensors strategically positioned at discrete depths in the water column. These sensors are programmed to collect real-time data on seawater temperature, salinity, current and other vi