Genome research in India

The Department of Biotechnology (DBT) is implementing a major programme in the area of Human Genetics & Analysis since 1990-91. Department has established 21 genetic diagnosis cum counselling units to provide patient services across the country. The Centre for DNA Fingerprinting & Diagnostics of DBT in collaboration with Nizam’s Institute of Medical Science , Hyderabad is also providing genetic diagnosis cum counselling services to the affected families. The Department has recently established National Institute of Biomedical Genomics (NIBMG) in Kalyani, West Bangal. The institute is devoted to research and training in genomics in health and disease and to promote genomics based services in West Bengal.

The Department is supporting over 200 projects in genomic and genetic research related to health. Centre of Excellence have been supported in leading institutes including All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi; Christian Medical College & Hospital, Vellore etc. India is a major participant in the International Cancer Genomics Consortium with focus on oral cancer.

The Department has drawn detailed plans to support research, education and training under the 11th Plan, which is under implementation. The Department in consultation with Department of Health Research, Indian Council of Medical Research and Ministry of Health & Family Welfare is involved in planning and execution of major projects in the area of human genetics and genomics including the Asian Indian Donor Marrow Registry (AIDMR) for organ transplant at AIIMS, New Delhi. Close cooperation between the Ministry of Science & Technology and Health & Family Welfare would potentially benefit the larger masses in terms of health care etc. 

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