Skip to main content

All about Registering an FIR

FIR means, First Information Report given to police by either victim,witness or anyone else having knowledge of commission of cognizable offence about commission of cognizable offence. As soon as officer in-charge of a police station gets information(written or verbal) about commission of cognizable offence(offence in which police can arrest without warrant) he is bound to register an FIR as provided under section 154CrPC.

Once the procedure of registering FIR gets completed it is mandatory for police to  give copy of FIR to complainant free of cost.The total procedure involved in registering FIR does not require any king of fees or money.

In case of non-cognizable offence the police officer don't have power to register FIR and investigate without prior permission of magistrate.

In case officer in-charge of police station refuses to register an FIR for cognizable offence , the aggrieved may give his complaint to superintendent of police and get his complaint investigated as provided under section 154(3) of CrPC.

When police at all level refuses to register FIR for cognizable offence , the complainant may approach court and file a petition before magistrate asking him to direct police to register FIR as provided under section 156(3)CrPC.

Sometimes the complaint given by complainant does not disclose commission of any cognizable offence. In that case police takes complaint and do a preliminary inquiry to see if any cognizable offence have been committed or not. If after inquiry  police found out commission of cognizable offence then it registers FIR. If it does not found any cognizable offence but thinks there may be commission of cognizable offence if preventive action has not been taken , in that case police takes preventive action and bound the accused to not to commit any offence. If nothing is found out of the complaint then it simply files the report and in case of commission of non-cognizable offence advises the complainant to complain to the magistrate of the concerned area.

Comments

  1. Why the power of registering or not registering FIR given to Police instead of registering it all the time? I am asking because it might affect the case if police officer has some bias.

    ReplyDelete
  2. The power is not given to police. Police have to register it in all cognizable cases and it can not register in non cognizable cases. So There is no doubt about when to register and when not to , police don't have any option after getting information about commission of cognizable offence.

    ReplyDelete
  3. Thanks for the answer! And do you agree that FIR should be registered only in current Thana(Police area where incident happened)? I have suffered in past because of this ( and I am sure that many more have suffered) as police simply refuses to register/file FIR for cases which did not occur in its own specific territory.

    Can not there be IT connected computers where FIR can be filed from any police Thana? Too big a task/money? WIll it help?

    ReplyDelete
  4. Even if a part of crime happened in that police station , police station should register FIR.

    There is a procedure of registering FIR for incidents happened in other police station and then transferring it to concerned police station , but due to procedure involved it takes long time to get transferred to the concerned police station.

    So it is advisable to go the concerned police station and get registered there, other point is that complainant and police have to go to the place of incident at one point of time to investigate.

    IT connected computers are already there and transferring FIR is not a big task, but in that case Investigating officer will not have first hand information of the incident and also this procedure of getting registered anywhere can be misused easily.

    ReplyDelete
  5. please share the steps that need to be taken when a person meets with an road accident ? How should he take the matter to police ?

    ReplyDelete
  6. Udayan asked - can u tell me what action can the police take in case I register a FIR for stolen mobile ( given that I have the original bill n IMEI ) ? How can it be traced ?

    To which Gaurav replied - police gives imei to nodal officers of different service providers who in turn run imei ..and if same mobile is used again , it can be traced . Though it is not fullproof method but it does work many times.

    ReplyDelete
  7. Dear Udayan , I will soon share details about steps taken after road accidents. As far as reaching police , u can dial 100 and you will surely get response. For ambulance 108 is number in many states . You simply need to give report to police on which police shall register FIR for accident

    ReplyDelete

Post a Comment

Popular posts from this blog

कर्ण और कृष्ण का संवाद - रामधारी सिंह 'दिनकर'

Following is excerpt from poem Rashmirathi written by Ram dhari singh dinkar. Karna reply to Krishna when he told story of his birth and ask him to join pandava side. सुन-सुन कर कर्ण अधीर हुआ, क्षण एक तनिक गंभीर हुआ,  फिर कहा "बड़ी यह माया है, जो कुछ आपने बताया है  दिनमणि से सुनकर वही कथा मैं भोग चुका हूँ ग्लानि व्यथा  मैं ध्यान जन्म का धरता हूँ, उन्मन यह सोचा करता हूँ,  कैसी होगी वह माँ कराल, निज तन से जो शिशु को निकाल  धाराओं में धर आती है, अथवा जीवित दफनाती है?  सेवती मास दस तक जिसको, पालती उदर में रख जिसको,  जीवन का अंश खिलाती है, अन्तर का रुधिर पिलाती है  आती फिर उसको फ़ेंक कहीं, नागिन होगी वह नारि नहीं  हे कृष्ण आप चुप ही रहिये, इस पर न अधिक कुछ भी कहिये  सुनना न चाहते तनिक श्रवण, जिस माँ ने मेरा किया जनन  वह नहीं नारि कुल्पाली थी, सर्पिणी परम विकराली थी  पत्थर समान उसका हिय था, सुत से समाज बढ़ कर प्रिय था  गोदी में आग लगा कर के, मेरा कुल-वंश छिपा कर के  दुश्मन का उसने काम किया, माताओं को बदनाम किया  माँ का पय भी न पीया मैंने, उलटे अभिशाप लिया मैंने  वह तो यशस्विनी बनी रह

एक पुलिसवाले की व्यथा

लोग अक्सर कहते हैं कि पुलिस सही तरीके से क्राइम कंट्रोल नहीं करती है लेकिन पुलिस करे तो करे क्या। उग्र भीड़ को क्राइम कंट्रोल करने पर आधारित एक लघु कथा। उन्मादी भीड़ हाथों में नंगी तलवारें, लाठी, डंडे लिए पागलों की तरह पुलिस वालों को पत्थर मार मार कर खदेड़ रही थी। उसकी पुलिस भीड़ से अपना असलाह और खुद को बचाते हुए पीछे हट रही थी। थानेदार का सर बुरी तरह फूट गया दो सिपाही उसे सँभालते हुए पीछे हट रहे थे बड़े अफसर, एस डी ऍम, सब मौके से गायब थे। ऑर्रडर देने वाला कोई दूर दूर तक नहीं था। भीड़ हावी होती जा रही थी। सब को कहीं न कही चोट लगी थी।भीड़ को लाठी डंडो से काबू करने के हालात तो बिलकुल भी नहीं थे। सबकी जान पर बनी हुई थी परंतु हाथ में लोड राइफल होते हुए भी जवान गोली चलाने से बच रहे थे, कैसी कायर स्तिथि थी। अचानक हवलदार बुधना को भीड़ ने पकड़ लिया और एक आदमी ने बुधना के सर पर कैरोसिन की गैलन उंडेल दी और दूसरे ने माचिस निकाली ही थी की धाँय की आवाज हुई और माचिस वाला जमीं पर लुढकने लगा।दूसरी आवाज में तेल के गैलन वाला जमीं पर कला बाजी खा रहा था । भीड़ जहां थी वहीँ थम गयी और उलटे पावँ भागने लगी लेकिन......अ

Scheme for creation of National Optical Fiber Network for Broadband connectivity of Panchayats

The Union Cabinet recently approved a scheme for creation of a National Optical Fiber Network (NOFN) for providing Broadband connectivity to Panchayats. The objective of the scheme is to extend the existing optical fiber network which is available up to district / block HQ’s level to the Gram Panchayat level initially by utilizing the Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF). The cost of this initial phase of the NOFN scheme is likely to be about Rs.20,000 crore. A similar amount of investment is likely to be made by the private sector complementing the NOFN infrastructure while providing services to individual users. In economic terms, the benefits from the scheme are expected through additional employment, e-education, e-health, e-agriculture etc. and reduction in migration of rural population to urban areas. As per a study conducted by the World Bank, with every 10% increase in broadband penetration, there is an increase in GDP growth by 1.4%. NOFN will also facilitate implemen

Arnesh Kumar Judgement regarding arrest

Supreme Court on 2nd July ,2014 in Arnesh kumar vs State of Bihar(CRIMINAL APPEAL NO. 1277 OF 2014) gave following judgement regarding arrest in cases having punishment upto 7 years . In order to ensure that police officers do not arrest accused unnecessarily and Magistrate do not authorise detention casually and mechanically. In order to ensure court gave the following directions: (1) All the State Governments to instruct its police officers not to automatically arrest when a case under Section 498-A of the IPC is registered but to satisfy themselves about the necessity for arrest under the parameters laid down above flowing from Section 41, Cr.PC; (2) All police officers be provided with a check list containing specified sub-clauses under Section 41(1)(b)(ii);  (3) The police officer shall forward the check list duly filed and furnish the reasons and materials which necessitated the arrest, while forwarding/producing the accused before the Magistrate for further detention; 

नेताजी

" जो कुछ अच्छा हुआ , वह हमने किया , जो कुछ बुरा हुआ , वह किया अधिकारियों ने , यह सीधी बात नहीं समझती जनता , ख़ुद भी होती है परेशान , हमें भी करती है परेशान. कुछ मत देखो , कुछ मत सुनो , कुछ मत कहो , बस हमें वोट देते रहो "