Skip to main content

National Policy on Prison Reforms

The Committee on Draft National Policy on Prison Reforms and Correctional Administrations has given recommendations concerning Central and State Governments. Some of the major recommendations of the Committee were as under:



(i) Inclusion of the subject of Prisons in the Concurrent List,

(ii) Formulation of a new and comprehensive central law replacing the existing Prison Act 1894,

(iii) Amendment in the Representation of People Act, 1951 to provide right of franchise to all prisoners,

(iv) Continuation of scheme of Modernization of Prisons Phase II,

(v) To incorporate the principles of management of prisons and treatment of offenders in the Directive Principles of the State Policy embodied in Part IV of the Constitution of India,

(vi) Specific mention be made in the preamble to the legislations relating to administration of correctional services that correction, reformation and rehabilitation are objectives of punishment awarded to offenders,

(vii) Revision of State Prison Manuals on the lines of Model Prison Manual circulated by Govt. of India,

(viii) Setting up of a State Level Board to review all applications for remission/commutation of sentence,

(ix) To provide industrial and vocational training to all prison inmates,

(x) Disposal of mercy petitions in six months time,

(xi) Establishment of Special Courts/ Lok Adalats,

(xii) Improvement of the living conditions of prisoners in prisons, and

(xiii) Treatment of prisoners in jails.

Most of the recommendations of the Committee pertain to the State Governments and since Prison is a State subject, these were accordingly forwarded to them for implementation.

The major recommendations concerning the Government of India are (i) inclusion of Prison in the Concurrent list (ii) enactment of new central Prison Law in place of Prison Act 1894 (iii) amendment in section 62(5) of the Representation of People Act, 1951 to allow all the prisoners to vote (iv) continuance of Phase II of the scheme of Modernization of Prisons.

The Home Ministry did not find it feasible to take any action on the recommendations mentioned at (i) & (ii) above.

As regards recommendations at (iii) above, the matter was examined in consultation with the Election Commission of India. Section 62(5) of the Representation of People Act, 1951 was challenged before the Hon`ble Supreme Court. TheHon`ble Supreme Court has, however, rejected the contention and observed that the restriction imposed in the aforesaid provisions was reasonable and no arbitrariness or discrimination was involved in the provisions.

source : www.pib.nic.in

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

कर्ण और कृष्ण का संवाद - रामधारी सिंह 'दिनकर'

Following is excerpt from poem Rashmirathi written by Ram dhari singh dinkar. Karna reply to Krishna when he told story of his birth and ask him to join pandava side. सुन-सुन कर कर्ण अधीर हुआ, क्षण एक तनिक गंभीर हुआ,  फिर कहा "बड़ी यह माया है, जो कुछ आपने बताया है  दिनमणि से सुनकर वही कथा मैं भोग चुका हूँ ग्लानि व्यथा  मैं ध्यान जन्म का धरता हूँ, उन्मन यह सोचा करता हूँ,  कैसी होगी वह माँ कराल, निज तन से जो शिशु को निकाल  धाराओं में धर आती है, अथवा जीवित दफनाती है?  सेवती मास दस तक जिसको, पालती उदर में रख जिसको,  जीवन का अंश खिलाती है, अन्तर का रुधिर पिलाती है  आती फिर उसको फ़ेंक कहीं, नागिन होगी वह नारि नहीं  हे कृष्ण आप चुप ही रहिये, इस पर न अधिक कुछ भी कहिये  सुनना न चाहते तनिक श्रवण, जिस माँ ने मेरा किया जनन  वह नहीं नारि कुल्पाली थी, सर्पिणी परम विकराली थी  पत्थर समान उसका हिय था, सुत से समाज बढ़ कर प्रिय था  गोदी में आग लगा कर के, मेरा कुल-वंश छिपा कर के  दुश्मन का उसने काम किया, माताओं को बदनाम किया  माँ का पय भी न पीया मैंने, उलटे अभिशाप लिया मैंने  वह तो यशस्विनी बनी रह

एक पुलिसवाले की व्यथा

लोग अक्सर कहते हैं कि पुलिस सही तरीके से क्राइम कंट्रोल नहीं करती है लेकिन पुलिस करे तो करे क्या। उग्र भीड़ को क्राइम कंट्रोल करने पर आधारित एक लघु कथा। उन्मादी भीड़ हाथों में नंगी तलवारें, लाठी, डंडे लिए पागलों की तरह पुलिस वालों को पत्थर मार मार कर खदेड़ रही थी। उसकी पुलिस भीड़ से अपना असलाह और खुद को बचाते हुए पीछे हट रही थी। थानेदार का सर बुरी तरह फूट गया दो सिपाही उसे सँभालते हुए पीछे हट रहे थे बड़े अफसर, एस डी ऍम, सब मौके से गायब थे। ऑर्रडर देने वाला कोई दूर दूर तक नहीं था। भीड़ हावी होती जा रही थी। सब को कहीं न कही चोट लगी थी।भीड़ को लाठी डंडो से काबू करने के हालात तो बिलकुल भी नहीं थे। सबकी जान पर बनी हुई थी परंतु हाथ में लोड राइफल होते हुए भी जवान गोली चलाने से बच रहे थे, कैसी कायर स्तिथि थी। अचानक हवलदार बुधना को भीड़ ने पकड़ लिया और एक आदमी ने बुधना के सर पर कैरोसिन की गैलन उंडेल दी और दूसरे ने माचिस निकाली ही थी की धाँय की आवाज हुई और माचिस वाला जमीं पर लुढकने लगा।दूसरी आवाज में तेल के गैलन वाला जमीं पर कला बाजी खा रहा था । भीड़ जहां थी वहीँ थम गयी और उलटे पावँ भागने लगी लेकिन......अ

Scheme for creation of National Optical Fiber Network for Broadband connectivity of Panchayats

The Union Cabinet recently approved a scheme for creation of a National Optical Fiber Network (NOFN) for providing Broadband connectivity to Panchayats. The objective of the scheme is to extend the existing optical fiber network which is available up to district / block HQ’s level to the Gram Panchayat level initially by utilizing the Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF). The cost of this initial phase of the NOFN scheme is likely to be about Rs.20,000 crore. A similar amount of investment is likely to be made by the private sector complementing the NOFN infrastructure while providing services to individual users. In economic terms, the benefits from the scheme are expected through additional employment, e-education, e-health, e-agriculture etc. and reduction in migration of rural population to urban areas. As per a study conducted by the World Bank, with every 10% increase in broadband penetration, there is an increase in GDP growth by 1.4%. NOFN will also facilitate implemen

Arnesh Kumar Judgement regarding arrest

Supreme Court on 2nd July ,2014 in Arnesh kumar vs State of Bihar(CRIMINAL APPEAL NO. 1277 OF 2014) gave following judgement regarding arrest in cases having punishment upto 7 years . In order to ensure that police officers do not arrest accused unnecessarily and Magistrate do not authorise detention casually and mechanically. In order to ensure court gave the following directions: (1) All the State Governments to instruct its police officers not to automatically arrest when a case under Section 498-A of the IPC is registered but to satisfy themselves about the necessity for arrest under the parameters laid down above flowing from Section 41, Cr.PC; (2) All police officers be provided with a check list containing specified sub-clauses under Section 41(1)(b)(ii);  (3) The police officer shall forward the check list duly filed and furnish the reasons and materials which necessitated the arrest, while forwarding/producing the accused before the Magistrate for further detention; 

Analysis of Civil Services Prelims paper ( CSAT ) 2011

Anyone who is following the recent trends of civil services prelims papers , can easily predict the unpredictable nature of the paper . Also since this year CSAT has been introduced for the first time every one was curious to see the prelims paper of this year . Atlast today on 12th june suspense ended and what we found was more unpredictable than predictable .I will do paper wise analysis Paper 1 : The topics which came in paper was very much on predictable line . It was very specifically written in UPSC syllabus "General issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change - that do not require subject specialization" , though question have always been asked from these topics but since UPSC mentioned it as separate topic this year , few questions were expected form this topic . Similarly few questions were expected from the Economics , Polity , International affairs , general science and History as well . But then , with UPSC one can never expect que